Most Popular 5 Historical Monuments in Delhi to Visit

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Historical Monuments

Delhi is Indeed a City of Historical monuments, Delhi is a city where the Combination of modern and ancient blend flawlessly together. If we talk about Delhi, It’s has lot’s of historical monuments from the Mughal Era.

The main reason of tourists visit Delhi , It’s not because Delhi is the capital of India, It’s because of the Delhi Historical Beauty ,That Attract Tourists from all over the world.

The reason of Delhi always been a center of Political activities right from the Mughal Era to the British. It’s because Many Kings , Indians and Mughals, Time to time Established Their capital in Delhi. That’s why they build many awe-inspiring Architectural Marvels. which continue to attract visitors even today with it’s Sheer Beauty.

Here’s a list of most iconic and popular Historical monuments in Delhi that you must visit before you Die!

Delhi’s Historical Monuments

1.The Red Fort

Red Fort

This Enormous Red Sandstone Fort is Identical with Delhi. Also Known as Lal Quila. One of magnificent Historical Monuments in Delhi. The Red Fort is Definitely India’s Pride.

Red fort was brought to life by fifth Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. Red Fort built between 1638 – 1648, It took around ten years to be completed. Even today, It stands as elegant, as wonderful , as strong as ever before.

It had been a Regal residence for numerous Mughal Emperors who enjoyed royal stay in this magnificent fort during their reign in Delhi. Red Fort is octagonal in shape and it’s walls adorned with Flowers and Calligraphy, that has the touch of Mughal Era architecture.

Red fort has housing museums and lots of undying stories of Wars and Martyrs. with feature like Diwan-E-Aam , Diwan-E-Khas and many several gardens and other things to in it’s Complex.

Today, Red Fort isn’t only a tourist site thronged with millions of tourists every Year, but also Became the chief venue of the country on Independence Day, Where the Prime Minister raise Indian flag and addresses the citizens.

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2.The Humayun’s Tomb

Humayun's Tomb

Humayun’s Tomb is the Finest example of Persian Architecture built in the Mughal Era. This is one of the Historical Monuments which was the first tomb in India to be built in Garden style. Humayun’s Tomb Built 9 years after the humayun’s death by his widow Hamida Banu Begum in 1569-70.

The tomb located in the center of the Charbagh Garden with pools that are connect to the canals. It also has two entrances: A southern side and a western side.

Charbagh is world famous for it’s beautiful Architecture. Charbagh renowned Layout designed by the two Persian architects.


The high central arch with an octagonal shape of structure are important Aesthetics of Mughal Architecture. Humayun’s Tomb one of the finest Historical Monuments with Garden tomb in the country, which also inspired by several other monuments, Like TAJ MAHAL.

Humayun’s tomb is a Part of world UNESCO Heritage site and one of the most popular historical monuments in Delhi.

3.Qutub Minar

Qutub Minar

Qutub Minar is the Tallest minaret in the World. This 73 meter high Minar was built by Qutb-ud-din Aibak in 1193. This is historical monuments was built as a mark of victory against the Delhi’s last Hindu ruler.

Qutub Minar has the five levels and projecting balconies. In the first three levels they used red sandstone and for the last two levels they used marble and sandstone to built Qutub Minar.

It’s Architecture which is the one of it’s kind to worth watching even from the far away.

Qutub Minar Walls

Qutub Minar also has the Beautiful Arabic Inscriptions on it.

Qutub Minar has three different types of architecture in it. It was the Qutb-ud-din Aibak who started the construction, Who only made the basement, Later Minaret completed by his successors, Iltutmish who added three stories and then it was completed by Firoz shah Tughlaq, Who added the last two stories.

There are several other historical monuments inside the complex. Such as Ashoka Pillar, Alai Darwaza, Tomb of iltutmish and the Quwwat-Ul-Islam Mosque the first mosque to be built in India. There are also tombs of many other Mughal rulers in the complex.

Qutub Minar is also one of the historical monuments that identified as a world Heritage site by the UNESCO.

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 4.Jama Masjid

Jama Masjid

Jama Masjid is the India’s Largest Mosque with minarets on all four sides that reach the skies. Jama Masjid made of red sandstone and marbles. This one is definitely one of the finest Historical Monuments that you need to visit.

Jama Masjid built by Shah Jahan, Jama masjid is the last architectural indulgence of Shah Jahan. Jama Masjid Built between 1644 – 1656, and it was an imam from Uzbekistan who inaugurated this beautiful place of worship. 

The enormous courtyard of Jama masjid can accommodate nearly 25,000 people praying at the same time.
On the day of Eid thousands of people performed their Morning namaz in this monumental structure.

The main prayer hall has a Magnificent white ceiling and the entrance is decorated with high rising arches.

Inside of Jantar Mantar

There is also a pool in the heart of the mosque that is used by the faithful for cleansed also called Wudhu.

Visiting Jama Masjid in the evening for a surreal experience of the brilliant sunset where the dome and the minarets are drenched in the beautiful hues of crimson orange.

5.Jantar Mantar

Jantar Mantar

Jantar Mantar is an Equinoctial sundial and Observatory that built centuries back. Jantar Mantar was constructed by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur in 1724., a notable Rajput king and an avid astronomer. This is One of the historical monuments that stands as a fascinating example of the scientific advancement and precision achieved by ancient Indian astronomers and scholars.

It is essentially an observatory that was made with the objective of accumulating astronomical occurrences and information to help predict the time and the movements of the celestial bodies such
as the sun, moon and the other planets.

Among the notable instruments at Jantar Mantar are:

  1. Samrat Yantra:
    • Often referred to as the “Supreme Instrument,” the Samrat Yantra is an immense sundial and the largest of its kind in the world.
    • It accurately measures time, providing insights into the solar time and declination of the sun.
  2. Jayaprakash Yantra:
    • An intricate collection of hollowed hemispheres used to measure the positions of celestial objects with high precision.
    • It aids in determining the location of stars and planets relative to the observer’s position.
  3. Misra Yantra:
    • This instrument combines multiple functions to study the movement of celestial bodies and ascertain the local time of different places on Earth.
    • It incorporates a sundial, a plate that measures the altitude of celestial bodies, and an azimuth circle.

The Jantar Mantar complex was a hub for astronomers and scholars, fostering research and collaboration in the field of astronomy. It allowed for precise observations and predictions, aiding in the development of calendars and astrological insights. For astronomy enthusiasts and history buffs, Jantar Mantar stands as a fascinating and invaluable historical monument, showcasing the genius of Indian astronomers and their contributions to the field of astronomy.

Visiting Jantar Mantar provides a unique opportunity to step back in time and appreciate this historical monuments that advanced understanding of the cosmos possessed by ancient Indian astronomers. It’s a place where the marvels of architecture and the pursuit of scientific knowledge beautifully intersect, leaving visitors in awe of the ingenuity of the past.

Check this Out!!!

These Are the some of the best Historical Monuments in Delhi that will take you back in the time and
help you trace the history of this Magnificent and Beautiful City.
It is often said that the Historical places has a soul of their own and we couldn’t Agree More.


In Conclusion,

Delhi skillfully combines its vibrant modern present with its rich historical past with having so many historical monuments , particularly the Mughal Empire. Not only is Delhi the capital of India, but tourists also come to admire its ancient splendor.

The Red Fort, a symbol of India’s pride and the height of Mughal opulence, serves as the venue for significant national celebrations. The Taj Mahal’s predecessor, Humayun’s Tomb, features Persian architecture and has received recognition from UNESCO.

The Qutub Minar, a colossal triumphal arch, and Jama Masjid, India’s largest mosque, are examples of Indo-Islamic art at its finest. India has historically been interested in astronomy, as evidenced by the ancient observatory Jantar Mantar.

These historical treasures give tourists a window into Delhi’s fascinating past and help them understand how its culture has developed. Each monument tells a story about victories, artistic genius, and the city’s lasting heritage.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What are Delhi’s famous historical monuments?

  • Key monuments include the Red Fort, Humayun’s Tomb, Qutub Minar, Jama Masjid, and Jantar Mantar.

2. Who built the Red Fort, and why is it important?

  • Built by Emperor Shah Jahan in the 17th century, the Red Fort symbolizes Mughal grandeur and serves as a historical and national landmark.

3. Tell me about Humayun’s Tomb.

  • Constructed in the 16th century, it’s a stunning Persian-style tomb and a precursor to the Taj Mahal, reflecting Mughal architectural elegance.

4. What’s special about Qutub Minar?

  • Qutub Minar, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the tallest minaret globally, showcasing remarkable Indo-Islamic design.

5. Describe Jama Masjid.

  • India’s largest mosque, Jama Masjid, built by Shah Jahan, boasts stunning red sandstone and marble architecture.

6. What’s the purpose of Jantar Mantar, and what are its main instruments?

  • Jantar Mantar is an ancient observatory designed to study astronomy. Key instruments include the sundial (Samrat Yantra) and celestial object position measurer (Jayaprakash Yantra).

7. How do Delhi’s historical monuments reflect the city’s culture and heritage?

  • They offer a glimpse into Delhi’s diverse history, showcasing architectural beauty and cultural richness, portraying the city’s evolution.

8. Can visitors explore these monuments?

  • Yes, these monuments are open to the public, and guided tours are available. The best time to visit is during the cooler months (October to March).

9. How do these monuments blend modernity with ancient charm?

  • Delhi expertly integrates historical sites with the modern city, allowing visitors to appreciate both its rich past and vibrant present.

10. Are these monuments free to visit?

  • While some have an entry fee, others are free or have a nominal charge, making them accessible to a wide range of visitors.
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